The Kigali Amendment added to the Montreal Protocol will reduce the projected production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) by more than 80% over the next 30 years. This effort can avoid up to 0.4°C of global warming by 2100. Ratification can be a challenge, but 65 countries have ratified and more are expected.
Implementation will be done in three phases:
- Group of developed countries starting HFCs phase-down from 2019
- Developing countries will follow with a freeze of HFCs consumption levels in 2024
- A few countries freezing consumption in 2028
Read the Press Release from the UNEP here.
The UNEP explains the How the Kigali Amendment reduces climate change in this video.