New Era of Climate Action Began January 1, 2019

The Kigali Amendment added to the Montreal Protocol will reduce the projected production and consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) by more than 80% over the next 30 years. This effort can avoid up to 0.4°C of global warming by 2100. Ratification can be a challenge, but 65 countries have ratified and more are expected.

Implementation will be done in three phases:

- Group of developed countries starting HFCs phase-down from 2019

- Developing countries will follow with a freeze of HFCs consumption levels in 2024

- A few countries freezing consumption in 2028

Read the Press Release from the UNEP here.

The UNEP explains the How the Kigali Amendment reduces climate change in this video.

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University of Massachusetts Boston
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Home Page Video Credit: Emily Moothart