A new ‘Ecosystem-Based Adaptation Decision Support Framework’ (EBA-DSF) is under development by UNEP and partners as part of a wider adaptation strategy to assist national planners and decision-makers in selecting, designing, implementing, and tracking the EBA approaches. The framework is outlined in a working document entitled Ecosystem- Based Adaptation Guidance: Moving from Principles to Practice.
As a global leader in science-based environmental policy-setting and implementation, UNEP has taken the step of selecting EBA as one of its key programs to assist countries and their people in their adaptation efforts. EBA addresses the crucial links between climate change, biodiversity, ecosystem services, and sustainable resource management in support of healthy ecosystems. It also addresses opportunities for sustainable economic prosperity in conjunction with the provision of defense against the negative effects of climate change and environmental degradation.
The EBA-DSF centers around four iterative steps and strategic considerations: Setting Adaptive Context – Selecting Appropriate Adaptation Options – Design for Change – Adaptive Implementation.
The EBA-DSF is developing into a capacity building platform to support the implementation of National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) and other adaptation actions. The overarching goal of the UNEP EBA programme is to help vulnerable communities adapt to climate change through good ecosystem management practices, and by integrating the communities into global, regional, national and local climate change strategies and action plans. The Programme has an emphasis on Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Small Island Developing States (SIDS), and Africa. Consequently, the guidance provided in this document is intended to support LDCs and SIDS through their adaptation decision-making process as they move toward building resilience for, and restoration of, degraded or vulnerable ecosystems.
Upcoming steps include pilot testing and refinement of the framework, as well as the development of practical modules for Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E), ecosystem specific DSF’s, and related training packages.